学会机智地“偷瞄”和“剽窃”,吾渣到哭的英文写作终于有救了
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学会机智地“偷瞄”和“剽窃”,吾渣到哭的英文写作终于有救了

来源:http://www.bpeks.cn 作者:延津县宠含财经直播室 时间:2020-07-01 点击: 193

原标题:学会机智地“偷瞄”和“剽窃”,吾渣到哭的英文写作终于有救了

写essay的时候总是无法下笔,词不达意,连本身都不清新本身在说啥?背了那么众SAT和托福单词写作的时候却根本不会用?写出来的东西读首来总是相等生涩外国人都读不懂?到底如何教育词汇行使能力和句子结构的行使能力?去下望这篇文章,主页君送你灵魂秘籍玩物化英语写作这个幼妖精

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写essay的时候总是无法下笔,词不达意,连本身都不清新本身在说啥?背了那么众SAT和托福单词写作的时候却根本不会用?写出来的东西读首来总是相等生涩外国人都读不懂?到底如何教育词汇行使能力和句子结构的行使能力?去下望这篇文章,主页君送你灵魂秘籍玩物化英语写作这个幼妖精

From 英文悦读

微信号:read_the_economist

英文写作是一个创造和发现的过程,清淡来说,它主要包含两个方面的能力:说话能力以及逻辑思维能力。

其中,逻辑思维能力与每幼我的人生经历、知识贮备以及思维模式痛痒有关,这是一个循规蹈距的发展过程。

相比逻辑思维能力,说话能力有着更为清亮的升迁路径。说话能力升迁的重点在于升迁对词汇以及句子的行使能力。词汇行使能力并不等同于词汇量,词汇行使能力的关键在于对词汇操纵语境的准确理解。

句子结构的行使能力也并不等同于语法知识,它的关键在于变通行使各栽句型实在地外达本身的思维。

怎样教育词汇行使能力以及句子结构的行使能力呢?对特出句子和篇章进走模仿演习是一个很益的手段。说话能力的升迁并不是靠学习理论知识,而是大量的演习和模仿。

回顾古今中外作家的写作经历,你会发现,人类写作历程堪称一部模仿史。不论是英语写作,照样汉语习作,一路先都离不开大量的浏览与模仿。议决对经典英语文章的模仿,吾们能够学习怎样写出变通地道的句子,更益地理解段落的层次性和逻辑性。

详细来讲,吾们能够从句子和段落两个层次着手进走模仿训练。

对句子的模仿

句子是构成篇章的基本单位,只有先写益句子,才有能够写益文章。议决大量模仿经典英语的句式和句子结构,吾们能够将其内化,并在写作时做到融会贯通。

句型模仿训练的前挑是追求特出的原料,并挑掏出响答的句型进走大量的训练。议决大量的模仿将这些特出的句型变成吾们外达的一片面。现在对于句子模仿从易到难主要有两个手段:替换单词,挑取句式

替换单词

将一个句子进走单词替换是最常见同时也是最浅易的手段。举个例子,经济学人中有如许一个句子:

The hundred years since the Battle of Waterloo had not been entirely free of disaster—there had been a horrific civil war in America, some regional scraps in Asia, the Franco-Prussian war and the occasional colonial calamity. But continental peace had prevailed. Globalisation and new technology—the telephone, the steamship, the train—had knitted the world together.

The hundred years since the Battle of Waterloo had not been entirely free of disaster—there had been a horrific civil war in America, some regional scraps in Asia, the Franco-Prussian war and the occasional colonial calamity. But continental peace had prevailed. Globalisation and new technology—the telephone, the steamship, the train—had knitted the world together.

添粗的句子用在全球化有关话题内里不错吧?不过现在是21世纪了,能够将句子响答改一下:The world is changing at a rapid pace. Globalisation and new technology—the internet, the airplane, the high-speed train—have knitted the world together. 又比如新概念英语4内里展现的一个句子:

As is so often pointed out, knowledge is a two-edged weapon which can be used equally for good or evil.

As is so often pointed out, knowledge is a two-edged weapon which can be used equally for good or evil.

吾们能够将其中的 knowledge 替换为那些具有两面性的事物,比如 nuclear technology / gene engineering / international trade 等:As is so often pointed out, nuclear technology / gene engineering / international trade is a two-edged weapon which can be used equally for good or evil.

挑取句式

挑取句式是在单词替换的基础上发展而来,它的难度更高,但训练成果也会更益。在做此类演习时,吾们要先对一个句子进走分析,从中挑掏出一个“通用模板”,然后按照这个模板进走造句演习。举个例子,有如许一个句子:

It is a disturbing omen for the Chinese economy. For all the talk of reform, many government officials still want to paper over bad loans. With credit going to keep moribund companies alive, China’s debt levels have soared even as growth has slowed.

It is a disturbing omen for the Chinese economy. For all the talk of reform, many government officials still want to paper over bad loans. With credit going to keep moribund companies alive, China’s debt levels have soared even as growth has slowed.

吾们能够挑掏出如许的句型:For all the talk of ...still... 比如能够说: For all the talk of equal rights for women, gender discrimination is stillrife in the workplace. 又比如这个句子:

China’s advance is all the more potent in the context of a series of disappointments for democrats since 2000. The first great setback was in Russia. After the fall of the Berlin Wall in 1989 the democratisation of the old Soviet Union seemed inevitable.

China’s advance is all the more potent in the context of a series of disappointments for democrats since 2000. The first great setback was in Russia. After the fall of the Berlin Wall in 1989 the democratisation of the old Soviet Union seemed inevitable.

挑掏出来的句型是 ...is all the more potent in the context of ... 吾们能够写:a) The appeal of online education is all the more potent in the context ofsoaring university tuition fees. b) Regulating social media is all the more tricky in the context ofwidespread use of smartphones by which everyone is able to voice their opinions. 还有这个例子:

So it came as a shock last month when a bill sprinted through the lower house of Congress, on the first day of a new session, that sets out to change the terms of their 30-year concessions after only 17 years.

So it came as a shock last month when a bill sprinted through the lower house of Congress, on the first day of a new session, that sets out to change the terms of their 30-year concessions after only 17 years.

吾们能够挑掏出来的句型是 It came as a shock ...when ... 比如能够说:

It came as a shocklast week whenan explosion shaked New York City and injured 29 people. 对于下面这个句子:

To say that the “age of the grand hotel ran from 1860 to 1960” is to make it seem that Paris’s Grand had no antecedents.

To say that the “age of the grand hotel ran from 1860 to 1960” is to make it seem that Paris’s Grand had no antecedents.

吾们能够挑掏出 To say that...is to make it seem that...这个类比句型,模仿写出:

To saythat universities should merely provide students with employment skills is to make it seem thattheoretical knowledge is of secondary importance. 一向在浏览中要有认识地积累这类经典句式,房产汽车并议决模仿造句地手段将它们内化,如许写出来的句子才会更添规范地道。

对段落的模仿

议决对文章经典段落的模仿,吾们能够学习并熟识段落的基本构架,段落睁开手段,以及段落内部句子之间的承接等,在写作时能够更有效地结构本身的思维,写出层次显明、逻辑厉密的段落和文章。举个例子,经济学人在一篇题为 The curious case of the fall in crime 的文章中,对当今西方社会作恶率消极的因为有如许一个论述:

There is no single cause of the decline; rather, several have coincided. Western societies are growing older, and most crimes are committed by young men. Policing has improved greatly in recent decades, especially in big cities such as New York and London, with forces using computers to analyse the incidence of crime; in some parts of Manhattan this helped to reduce the robbery rate by over 95%. The epidemics of crack cocaine and heroin appear to have burnt out.

There is no single cause of the decline; rather, several have coincided. Western societies are growing older, and most crimes are committed by young men. Policing has improved greatly in recent decades, especially in big cities such as New York and London, with forces using computers to analyse the incidence of crime; in some parts of Manhattan this helped to reduce the robbery rate by over 95%. The epidemics of crack cocaine and heroin appear to have burnt out.

这个段落的逻辑专门清亮。起头第一句为主题句,后面三个句子进走睁开:1.Western societies are growing older, and most crimes are committed by young men. 2.Policing has improved greatly in recent decades. 3.The epidemics of crack cocaine and heroin appear to have burnt out. 吾们能够对上面的段落框架进走模仿:There is no single cause of childhood obesity; rather, several have coincided. Many children have been surrounded by fast food outlets selling unhealthy foods such as hamburgers and hot dogs, which contain a lot of calories, sugar and salt. Moreover, their parents are too busy climbing up the career ladder to keep an eye on their eating habits. Lack of exercise also does its bit. Most children spend too much time sitting in their room watching TV or playing computer games, and too little doing outdoor activities.

有哪些正当模仿的原料

原料质量的高矮对于句子和段落模仿的成果会有很大的影响。用于模仿学习的原料要必须有余经典地道。这边选举两栽:

新概念英语3和4

行为影响一代人,经久不衰的英语学习教材,新概念英语3和新概念英语4中挑供了专门众值得借鉴的经典句型以及段落篇章。新概念英语教材中相通 Life on a desert island, New Year resolutions, Knowledge and progress, Education 等课文都是极佳的模仿原料,倘若能对这些文章做到谙练背诵并模仿,笃信你的遣词造句程度会得到很大升迁。

经济学人

为经济学人写作的记者们来自历史、形而上学、法律等众个周围,不少人文化积淀浓重,是遣词造句以及逻辑论证的高手。他们写出来的文章可圈可点之处专门众,是很益的学习模仿原料。有志于升迁英语写作程度的同学能够重点浏览模仿经济学人中这几个栏现在标文章:Leaders, Business, Books and arts, Obituary

原料的选择在于精而不在众,认仔细真将几十篇文章读懂读透,选取其中的特出句型段落进走改写模仿,成果比生吞活剥读上几百篇文章要益许众。对经典英语作品的模仿是走向高程度写作的必经之路。吾们能够从句子和篇章段落这两个角度着手,将挑掏出来的句型和段落结构与要写的话题结相符首来进走模仿,以此来升迁本身遣词造句以及逻辑思维能力。除此之外,一向也要养成清理积累益词益句的民风,竖立本身的“语料库”,写作时才能做到厚积薄发。

本文系授权发布,From 英文悦读,微信号:read_the_economist,未经允诺不得转载,北美学霸君真心选举。

本文系授权发布,From 英文悦读,微信号:read_the_economist,未经允诺不得转载,北美学霸君真心选举。

美国传染病专家福奇11日在接受美媒采访时表示支持世卫组织的工作,“我与世卫组织打交道已有四十年了。有很多保持联系的同事。我与世界卫生组织总干事的关系很好。”他说,世界需要一个像世卫组织这样的机构,“希望我们能继续从世卫组织的工作中受益,同时希望它继续自我完善。”

1、福布斯发布全球最佳创投人榜单

《经济参考报》记者从多家社会监测机构了解到,6月28日国内成品油调价窗口将再度开启。本计价周期内的原油均价或突破40美元/桶的地板价,国内油价大概率迎来年内首涨。

原标题:慈善,一起来!2020年莞城街道“广东扶贫济困日暨东莞慈善日”活动倡议书



Tag:学会,机智,地,“,偷瞄,”,和,剽窃,吾渣,到,原,

 

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